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European Policy for Intellectual Property 2015

CREATe, the RCUK Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy, hosted the 10th Annual Conference of the EPIP Association (European Policy for Intellectual Property) in Glasgow, September 2-3, 2015. Delegates interested in the economic, legal and political aspects of intellectual property rights explored the role of Intellectual Property (IP) in the Creative Economy, with a focus on copyright, data and the changing economics of the digital world.

This website provides a historical record of the conference with access to the programme and available conference materials including curated multimedia such as video recordings of keynotes, plenaries and some panels.

On this page you can see the full EPIP 2015 programme featuring links to paper summaries, presenters' slides, audiovisual multimedia resources and externally hosted content. We hope you will take some time to explore these materials.

See more details about EPIP 2015 and this resource


Programme Key
Speakers (where known) are indicated in bold
General Sessions  
Panel Sessions  
Keynote Sessions  
Public Launch  

See Martin Kretschmer’s (Director CREATe Centre, University of Glasgow) Conference Welcome.

Download the EPIP Conference Companion (PDF format, 4 MB). This brochure includes the full programme, abstracts and practical information for attending EPIP. Delegates will receive a physical copy at registration.

More information about the pre-conference PhD workshop on the ‘Economics of Copyright and the Creative Economy’ is available from this page.

Queries about any aspects of the programme or EPIP organisation may be directed by email to contact@create.ac.uk.

Tuesday September 1st Pre-conference Workshop (Click to Expand)
Tuesday, September 1st: Pre-conference PhD Workshop
09:30-09:45 Registration and Coffee
09:45-10:00 Introduction to the course
10:00-10:45 Copyright and the creative economy: Professor Ruth Towse (CREATe and Bournemouth University)
10:45-11:30 Economic theory of copyright: Professor Richard Watt (SERCI and University of Canterbury)
11:30-11:45 Coffee Break
11:45-13:00 Empirical studies on economic effects of copyright: Professor Paul Heald (University of Illinois); Professor Patrick Waelbroeck (Telecom Paristech)
13:00-14:00 Lunch Provided
14:00-17:00 Student presentations and discussions: led by Dr Christian Handke (Erasmus University), Dr Kristofer Erickson (University of Glasgow) and Dr Theo Koutmeridis (University of Glasgow)
17:00-18:00 Close of Workshop
19:00-20:00 Civic Reception at the Invitation of the Lord Provost of Glasgow in the Historic City Chambers
Guide to Glasgow City Chambers
Tuesday September 1st EPIP Social Activities & Board Meeting (Click to Expand)
Tuesday, September 1st: EPIP Social Activities and Board Meeting
16:30-19:00 Glasgow Miracle City Walking Tour
19:00-20:00 Civic Reception at the Invitation of the Lord Provost of Glasgow in the Historic City Chambers
Welcome to Glasgow by Professor Anne H Anderson OBE, FRSE, Vice-Principal & Head of College of Social Sciences, University of Glasgow
Guide to Glasgow City Chambers
20:30-22:00 EPIP Board Meeting (Venue to be Confirmed)

Wednesday, September 2nd: EPIP Conference Day 1

Registration and Coffee




Martin Kretschmer, Director CREATe Centre, University of Glasgow


Anton Muscatelli, Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Glasgow


Kamil Kiljanski, Chief Economist, Directorate-General Internal Market and Industry (DG GROW), European Commission


Opening Keynote
Chair: Kris Erickson (University of Glasgow)


Ian Hargreaves (Cardiff University, author of Digital Opportunity: A Review of IP and Growth), Copyright Wars: Frozen Conflict?


Responding: MEP Julia Reda (Greens/EFA, Pirate Party)

09:30-09:45 Proceed to Adam Smith Building
Location: Adam Smith 718

Parallel Session 1A – Patents, Science and Innovation
Chair: Bruno van Pottelsberghe (ULB – Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management)

Ashish Arora (Duke University), Manuel Gigena (KU Leuven/Louvain), Dennis Verhoeven (KU Leuven/Louvain) and Reinhilde Veugelers (KU Leuven/Louvain), The Role of Small Firms, Large Firms and Universities in the Creation, Development and Commercialization of Radical Innovation in Biotechnology

Francesco Lissoni (GREThA – Université de Bordeaux), Double Disclosures and the Negotiation of Scientific Credit in Research Teams

Dan Burk (University of California, Irvine), Patents as Data Aggregators in Personalized Medicine
Jane Nielsen (University of Tasmania), Dianne Nicol (University of Tasmania), Tess Whitton (University of Tasmania) and John Liddicoat (University of Tasmania), A Material Imperative: Protecting the Intellectual Outcomes of Research Through Formal Transfer Agreements
Location: Adam Smith 711

Parallel Session 1B – Geography and Copyright in Europe
Chair: John Enser (Olswang)


Giuseppe Mazziotti (Trinity College Dublin), Is geo-blocking a real cause for concern in Europe?

Tore Slaatta (University of Oslo), Differences in copyright institutions and practices in the field of literature in Norway and the Nordicregion

Bertin Martens (European Commission – Joint Research Centre) and Estrella Gomez Herrera (European Commission – Joint Research Centre), Language, Copyright and Geographic Segmentation in the EU Digital Single Market for Music and Film

Raymond Boyle (University of Glasgow), Copyright, Football and European Media Rights
Location: Adam Smith 1115

Parallel Session 1C – IP Governance in Europe
Chair: Alison Brimelow (former Chief Executive and Comptroller General of the UK Patent Office and fifth President of the European Patent Office (2007 to 2010))

Benjamin Farrand (University of Strathclyde/University of Warwick), European Governance and the Role of Ideas: Intellectual Property Lawmaking in the European Union
Yole Tanghe (KU Leuven/Louvain), The intersection of Intellectual Property Law and EU ExternalRelations Law in the post-Lisbon era

Marcella Favale (Bournemouth University), Martin Kretschmer (University of Glasgow) and Paul Torremans (University of Nottingham), Is There a EU Copyright Jurisprudence? An empirical analysis of the workings of the European Court of Justice


Sheona Burrow (University of Glasgow), The IPEC Small Claims Track in England and Wales

Location: Adam Smith 916

Parallel Session 1D – Data Mining, Automation and Copyright
Chair: Tanya Aplin (King’s College London)


Burkhard Schafer (University of Edinburgh), David Komuves (University of Edinburgh), Jesus Niebla (University of Edinburgh) and Laurence Diver (University of Edinburgh), A Fourth Law of Robotics? Enforcing Ethical Copyright Compliance in a World Shared with Automata


Christian Handke (Erasmus University), Lucie Guibault (IViR, University of Amsterdam) and Joan-Josep Vallbé (University of Barcelona), Is Europe Falling Behind in Data Mining? Copyright’s Impact on Data Mining in Academic Research


Christian Geib (University of Strathclyde), Is Licensing the Answer to Existing Copyright Impediments to Data Mining? Different Licensing Models and their Feasibility

Frank Müller-Langer (MPI for Innovation and Competition) and Richard Watt (University of Canterbury), How Many More Cites is a $3,000 Open Access Fee Buying You? Empirical Evidence from a Natural Experiment
Location: Adam Smith 717

Parallel Session 1E – Copyright and Consumers
Chair: Matthias Schmid (Head of Copyright Division, German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection)

Luis Aguiar (Institute for Prospective Technological Studies) and Joel Waldfogel (University of Minnesota), Digitization, Copyright, and the Welfare Effects of Music Trade
Mikko Antikainen (Hanken School of Economics), Boundaries of private copying in 3D printing
Joan-Josep Vallbe (University of Barcelona), Balazs Bodo (University of Amsterdam), Joao Quintais (University of Amsterdam) and Christian Handke (Erasmus University), Knocking on Heaven’s Door – User preferences on digital cultural distribution
Piers Fleming (University of East Anglia), Melanie Parravano (University of East Anglia) and Daniel John Zizzo (Newcastle University), Understanding the Determinants of Unlawful File Sharing Behavior: An Experiment
Location: Adam Smith 706

Parallel Session 1F – International Coordination and Protection
Chair: Xavier Seuba (CEIPI/BETA – Université de Strasbourg)

Federica Baldan (University of Antwerp) and Esther van Zimmeren (University of Antwerp), The Future Role of the Unified Patent Court in Safeguarding Judicial Coherence in the European Patent System

Ana Alba Betancourt (Queen Mary University of London), Cross-border Patent Disputes: Unified Patent Court or Commercial Arbitration?

Liguo Zhang (University of Helsinki) and Niklas Bruun (Hanken School of Economics), Legal Transplant of Intellectual Property Rights in China
Location: Adam Smith 915

Coffee Break


Location: Adam Smith 1115

Plenary panel – The Role of Disclosure in Patent Systems

Chair: Stuart Graham (Georgia Tech)

Location: Adam Smith 915

Lunch Break


Plenary panel – Measuring the Creative Economy (sponsored by NESTA)

Location: Adam Smith 1115
Chair: Philip Schlesinger (University of Glasgow)

  • Jonathan Haskel (Imperial College London)
  • Hasan Bakhshi (NESTA)
  • Dimiter Gantchev (WIPO)
Location: Adam Smith 915

Coffee Break


Parallel Session 2A – Innovation and Business Models
Chair: Paul Hofheinz (The Lisbon Council)

Location: Adam Smith 706
Stefan Bechtold (ETH Zurich), Christopher Buccafusco (Chicago-Kent College of Law) and Christopher Sprigman (NYU School of Law), On the Shoulders of Giants or the Road Less Traveled?: An Experimental Approach to Sequential Innovation in Intellectual Property

Kris Erickson (University of Glasgow), Make, Buy or Borrow? Creative industry business models from public domain inputs


Ruth Towse (CREATe and Bournemouth University), Copyright and business models in music publishing: the law and the market

Gillian Doyle (University of Glasgow), Digitisation and changes in Windowing strategies in the Television Industry
Location: Adam Smith 1115

Parallel Session 2B – Patents Pre-grant (Examination)
Chair: Georg von Graevenitz (Queen Mary University of London)

Gaetan de Rassenfosse (EPFL), Paul Jensen (University of Melbourne), Beth Webster (Swinburne University of Technology) and Alfons Palangkaraya (Swinburne University of Technology), Do the Major International Patent Offices Enforce the National Treatment Principle?
Dietmar Harhoff (Max-Planck Institute Munich), Ilja Rudyk (European Patent Office) and Sebastian Stoll (Max-Planck Institute Munich), Deferred Patent Examination
Junbyoung Oh (Inha University) and Yee Kyoung Kim (Korea Institute of S&T Evaluation and Planning), Quality of Invention or Type II error? Accelerated Examination and Grant Decision of Patent Office
Location: Adam Smith 718

Parallel Session 2C – Copyright Law
Chair: Jonathan Griffiths (Queen Mary, University of London)

Mira T Sundara Rajan (University of Glasgow), Authorship and Professionalism in the Digital Age: The Economics of Reputation

Antoni Rubi-Puig (Universitat Pompeu Fabra), Copyright and Commercial Speech: An Uncharted Relationship


Tito Rendas (Católica Global School of Law), Destereotyping the Copyright Wars: The ‘fair use vs. closed list’ debate in the EU

Robert Ashcroft (PRS for Music) and George Barker (Australian National University), Is copyright law fit for purpose in the Internet era?
Location: Adam Smith 711

Parallel Session 2D – International IP and Trade
Chair: Irene Calboli (Singapore Management University/Texas A&M University School of Law)

Chenguo Coco Zhang (University of Bremen), How efficient is the Judicial Enforcement of Patent Law in People’s Republic of China (PRC) to deter Patent Infringement? Insight and Empirical Research based on Data Sets on 648 Patent Infringement Cases before the Beijing Courts 2006 – 2014
Paul Jensen (University of Melbourne), Alfons Palangkaraya (Swinburne University of Technology) and Beth Webster (Swinburne University of Technology), The effect of patents on trade

Edgar Acatitla (Universidad Auto´noma Metropolitana Iztapalapa) and Alenka Guzma´n (Universidad Auto´noma Metropolitana Iztapalapa), Factors affecting the diffusion of nanotechnologies as a new technological paradigm across countries. A patent analysis, 1990-2013


Sunil Kanwar (Delhi School of Economics) and Bronwyn Hall (University of California, Berkeley), The Market Value of Innovation: The Case of Indian Manufacturing

Parallel Session 2E – Cultural Goods, Copyright and Digitisation
Chair: Richard Paterson (British Film Institute)

Location: Adam Smith 717
Oleksandr Bulayenko (CEIPI – Université de Strasbourg), Mass digitization and making available online of copyrighted works in Europe: Comparison of French and Norwegian approaches

Maurizio Borghi (Bournemouth University) and Marcella Favale (Bournemouth University), Crowdsourcing the orphan works problem

Thomas Margoni (University of Stirling), The digitisation of cultural heritage: originality, derivative works and (non) original photographs

Andrea Wallace (University of Glasgow), Claiming Surrogate IP Rights: When Cultural Institutions Repossess the Public Domain

Location: Adam Smith 915

Coffee Break

Location: Adam Smith 1115

Day One Closing Keynote
Chair: Martin Kretschmer (University of Glasgow)


Petra Moser (New York University), Copyright and Science: Evidence from the World War II Book Republication Program

Responding: Lionel Bently (Cambridge University)
Location: Adam Smith 1115

Public Launch of the CREATe Copyright Evidence Wiki (Martin Kretschmer, Theo Koutmeridis, Kris Erickson)

Location: Adam Smith 1115

EPIP General Assembly

19:30-23:30 Conference Dinner and Cèilidh at Òran Mór
Thursday, September 3rd: EPIP Conference Day 2 Including SERCI Elements

Tea and Coffee



Invited Panel 1A – A Legal and Empirical Study into the Intellectual Property Implications of 3D Printing and Policy Considerations

Chair: Lilian Edwards (University of Strathclyde)

  • pdf-64px

    Dinusha Mendis (Bournemouth University), “A Legal and Empirical Study into the Intellectual Property Implications of 3D Printing – Conclusions and Recommendations”

  • Sophie Jones (Stratasys), “The Current Status and Impact of 3D Printing Within the Industrial Sector: An Analysis of Six Case Studies”
  • Davide Secchi (University of Southern Denmark), “A Legal and Empirical Study of 3D Printing Online Platforms and an Analysis of User Behaviour”
  • Pippa Hall (UK Intellectual Property Office), “A Legal and Empirical Study into the Intellectual Property Implications of 3D Printing – Policy Considerations”


Invited Panel 1B – The Unitary Patent and Unified Patent Court


Chair and Introduction: Geertrui Van Overwalle (KU Leuven/Louvain)




Coffee Break



Invited Panel 2A – IP Governance, Big Data, Data Ownership and Privacy

Introduction and Chair: Ingrid Schneider (University of Hamburg)

Invited Panel 2B – Reconstructing Copyright’s Economic Rights (sponsored by Microsoft)

Chair: Bernt Hugenholtz (IViR, University of Amsterdam)

  • Alain Strowel (KU Leuven/Louvain)
  • Stefan Bechtold (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich)
  • Séverine Dusollier (Sciences Po Paris)
  • Ole-Andreas Rognstad (University of Oslo)
Responding: Joost Poort (IViR, University of Amsterdam)

Parallel Session 3A – Dynamics of International Legal Fora
Chair: Stefan Bechtold (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich)


Paul Torremans (University of Nottingham), The Unitary Patent and the Unified Patent Court: A View from Private International Law

Caroline Paunov (OECD), Corruption’s Asymmetric Impacts on Firm Innovation

Stefan Bechtold (ETH Zurich) and Jens Frankenreiter (ETH Zurich), Forum Selling in Germany: Supply-Side Effects in Patent Forum Shopping

Fabian Gaessler (Max-Planck-Institut for Innovation and Competition), What to Buy when Forum Shopping – Determinants of Court Selection in Patent Litigation

Parallel Session 3B – Economics of Copyright
Chair: Séverine Dusollier (Sciences Po Paris)


Steven Watson (Lancaster University), Piers Fleming (University of East Anglia) and Daniel Zizzo (Newcastle University), Perceptions of legal risk do not predict behaviour in unlawful file sharing: An empirical analysis


Joost Poort (Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam) and Nico van Eijk (Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam), Digital Fixation: The Law and Economics of a Fixed e-Book Price


Hyojung Sun (University of Edinburgh), Beyond Copyright and the Evolution of Digital Music Services


Paul Heald (University of Illinois), Martin Kretschmer (University of Glasgow) and Kris Erickson (University of Glasgow), The Valuation of Unprotected Works: A Case Study of Public Domain Photographs on Wikipedia

Parallel Session 3C – Creativity, Re-Use and Copyright
Chair: Jeremy Silver (MusicGlue Ltd, Bridgeman Art Library and InnovateUK)

Patrick Waelbroeck (Telecom Paristech) and Martin Quinn (Telecom Paristech), Competing UGCs

Jessica Silbey (Northeastern University School of Law), Distribution’s Diversity and Fairer Uses: A Qualitative Analysis of Borrowing Practices in Creative and Innovative Industries


Christian Katzenbach (Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society) and Lies van Roessel (Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society), Playing without Rules? Regulating Imitation and Innovation in the Games Industry

Joe Karaganis (The American Assembly, Columbia University), Notice and Takedown in the Age of the Robo Notice

Parallel Session 3E – Intangibles, Tacit Knowledge and Know-How
Chair: Salvatore Torrisi (University of Bologna)


Per Botolf Maurseth (BI Norwegian Business School) and Roger Svensson (IFN), Tacit Knowledge and the Dynamics of Inventor Activity

Russell Thomson (Swinburne University) and Gaetan de Rassenfosse (EPFL), R&D offshoring and home industry productivity
Chris Dent (Murdoch University), Patents, Trade Marks and Know-How: Regulated by Different Contracts and Motivators
Margo Bagley (University of Virginia), Towering Wave or Tempest in a Teapot? Synthetic Biology, IP and Economic Development

Joint Lunch with SERCI Delegates (served with SERCI Annual Congress Delegates)


SERCI/EPIP Joint Keynote

Chair: Ruth Towse (CREATe and Bournemouth University)


Richard Watt (SERCI and University of Canterbury), Copyright Collectives and Contracts: An Economic Theory Perspective


  • Sylvie Nérisson (Max-Planck Institute)
  • Morten Hviid (University of East Anglia)
  • Scott Walker (Performing Rights Society/UK Music)
  Delegates for Trade Dress Panel return to Main Building Senate Room – SERCI and other EPIP delegates remain in Wellington Church.

SERCI/EPIP Joint Plenary panel: Compensating creators

Chair: Marcel Boyer (Université de Montréal and CIRANO)

  • Christian Handke (Erasmus University Rotterdam)
  • Ruben Gutierrez Del Castillo (Fundacion Autor)
  • Peter Jenner (Sincere Management)
  • Nicola Solomon (Society of Authors)
  • John Street (University of East Anglia)
  • Eva Van Passel (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)


EPIP Special invited panel: The use of trade dress provisions under trade mark law and its implications for design, creation and competition in design-intensive industries

Chair: Beth Webster (Swinburne University of Technology)

15:15-15:30 Coffee Break (served at both Wellington Church and in the Main Building Randolph Hall)

Parallel Session 4A – SERCI/EPIP Joint Session
Chair: Ariel Katz (University of Toronto)

Stan Liebowitz (University of Texas at Dallas), Paradise lost: Copyright for British authors in 19th C. America
Christopher Buccafusco (Chicago-Kent College of Law) and Paul Heald (University of Illinois), Two Views for the Steeple: Testing Porn Exceptionalism in Trademark and Copyright Tarnishment Claims

Parallel Session 4B – Geographical Indications and Regions
Chair: Maurizio Borghi (Bournemouth University)


Peter Drahos (Australian National University), Australia’s Regions and Agriculture: Can Geographical Indications Help?

Nicola Searle (Goldsmiths, University of London), The Economics of Geographical Indications: Making Culture Tangible
Hazel Moir (Australian National University), Geographic Indications: heritage or terroir?

Parallel Session 4C – Patent Value and Costs
Chair: Roger Burt (Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys CIPA)

Federico Munari (University of Bologna) and Azzurra Meoli (University of Bologna), The Patent Paradox in Crowdfunding. An empirical analysis based on Kickstarter data
Jussi Heikkilä (University of Jyvaskyla), The relationship between first and second tier patent protection: The case of the Dutch short-term patent system abolition

Mark James Thompson (Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property), The Cost of Patent Protection: Renewal Propensity

Parallel Session 4D – Technology, R&D and Patents
Chair: Bronwyn Hall (University of California, Berkeley)

Georg von Graevenitz (Queen Mary University of London), Bronwyn Hall (University of California, Berkeley) and Christian Helmers (Santa Clara University), Technology Entry in the Presence of Patent Thickets

Emilio Raiteri (EPFL), More of the same or something different? Technological originality and novelty in public procurement-related patents

Riccardo Cappelli (University of Bologna), Marco Corsino (University of Bologna) and Salvatore Torrisi (University of Bologna), Patent strategies: protecting innovation, preempting competition and defending the freedom to operate

Parallel Session 4E – Innovation Behaviour of Firms
Chair: Gillian Doyle (University of Glasgow)

Irene Calboli (Singapore Management University/Texas A&M University School of Law) and Dan Hunter (Swinburne University of Technology Law School), Trademark Proliferation

Henning Berthold (University of St Andrews) and Barbara Townley (University of St Andrews), Innovation and IP: A Dialectical View

Cecilie Bryld Fjællegaard (Copenhagen Business School), Karin Beukel (University of Copenhagen) and Lars Alkaersig (Technical University of Denmark), Designers as Determinant for Aesthetic Innovations

Parallel Session 4F – Standards, Interoperability and IP
Chair: Francesco Lissoni (GREThA – Université de Bordeaux)

Florian Ramel (Technische Universität Berlin) and Knut Blind (Technische Universität Berlin), The Influence of Standard Essential Patents on Trade
Rudi Bekkers (Eindhoven University of Technology) and Arianna Martinelli (CNR-IBINET and Scuola superiore Sant’Anna), The causal effect of including standards-related documentation into prior art: evidence from a recent EPO policy change
Sally Weston (Bournemouth University), Encouraging interoperability by the sharing of interface information obtained by reverse engineering

Coffee Break



Plenary panel – Access to Data (with chief economists)

Chair: Tony Clayton (Imperial College London)
Panel Keynote: Joel Waldfogel (University of Minnesota), Data Needs for Assessing the Function of Copyright

  • Nathan Wajsman (OHIM)
  • Kamil Kiljanski (European Commission DG Internal Market and Industry)
  • Pippa Hall (UK Intellectual Property Office)
  • Mosahid Khan (WIPO)

Closing Keynote


Pamela Samuelson (University of California, Berkeley), “Evidence-based IP Policy-making: What’s that?”


Conference closure


Beth Webster (Swinburne University of Technology)
A Preview of EPIP 2016 (Oxford, 3-5 September 2016)

Rick Rylance, CEO Arts & Humanities Research Council, and chair Research Councils UK